Applications of iron and steel making slag products

25 Mar,2016 UTC+8 Views:

With ore, water, coal and other resources become increasingly scarce, and the profit space is reduced gradually of steel plant. On the other hand, a large number of steel slags are abandoned, and hard to handle, which bring problems to steel plant. Vertical roller mill is used for steel slag grinding system which is manufactured by Great Wall Machinery, solves above problems effectively, at the same time, improves the profits of steel plant.

Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GBS)

Granulated Blast Furnace Slag can be used in its raw form as a slow setting binder in hydraulically bound road construction materials. It generally requires an alkali activator such as hydrated lime or steel slag to be added to the product for this purpose.

Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS)

Granulated blast furnace slag is highly cementitious and after drying and grinding to a fine powder, it can be used as a replacement for conventional cement. The first commercially available Blast furnace cement (a blend of Portland cement and GGBS) was produced in Germany in 1865 and currently over 200 million tonnes/annul of Blast furnace slag cement are used worldwide.

Air-cooled Blast Furnace Slag (ABS)

Once processed (crushed and screened) the abs is used as aggregate in many construction materials for civil engineering in both bound and unbound applications.

In addition to this, ABS is the preferred material for percolating filter beds for waste water treatment due to its vesicular nature, which provides high surface area, maximizing biological activity. It is used in Scandinavian countries as an insulation layer in road construction to prevent the formation of ice lenses in the foundations. It can also be used to supplement the raw feed material for the manufacture of both mineral wool and cement.Steel Making Slag

Basic Oxygen Steel Slag (BOS) and Electric Arc Furnace Slag (EAF)

Both BOS and EAF slag are very similar in their basic properties and are generally used in the same applications, with the exception of but a few. The main difference; highlighted in the section by Lewis Juckes, is the lime/ silica ratio. As BOS slag has a higher lime silica ratio than EAF slag, it usually contains a higher proportion of un-combined (free) lime. This increases the potential for expansion, through hydration and therefore requires a longer weathering (conditioning) period than EAF slag, to ensure compliance with European standards. It also means that on cooling, the BOS slag tends to produce larger volumes of finer material that satisfy requirements of markets that cannot be met by EAF slag.

Both air-cooled BOS and EAF slag provides a high quality aggregate for most construction applications where natural aggregate would be used.

Road Construction

Steel slag can be used in both bound and unbound road construction products, which generally comprise asphalt and surface dressing in accordance with EN 13043 and sub-base, capping and fill materials in accordance with EN 13242.

Hydraulic Engineering

As steel slag is hard and dense, it provides an excellent material in hydraulic engineering as armour stone for the protection against both river and sea coastal erosion.

Raw Feed for Manufacturing

As with ABS, steel slag has the necessary elements required for the manufacture of cement clinker and mineral wool. It can therefore be used as a supplementary feed for both these processes.

Railway Ballast

Steel slag is hard dense and resistant to both attrition and abrasion making it a suitable for use as railway ballast aggregate.

Stone Column Ground Stabilisation

In areas where the ground conditions are not suitably strong for standard foundations for buildings, stone column piling can be implemented to stabilise the ground. Steel slag is an ideal material for this application as it is strong, has a cubical shape, which helps the interlock and has excellent resistance to abrasion.

Over one million tonnes of steel slag has been used extensively in Saudi Arabia in this application and is the preferred material due to both its physical and chemical stability.


As a result of acid rain, many fields require pH adjustment to enable healthy and productive growth from the crops. BOS slag is used as a basic soil conditioner with the added benefit of the release of several trace elements essential to life.

Environmental Land Remediation

In addition to utilisation on agriculture, a relatively new application has been developed to help remediate brown field sites incapable of plant growth. The BOS slag fines release calcium oxide and other trace elements, slowly into the soil enabling the growth of grasses and trees in soft landscaping.